Chapter 9: The Elements of the Gaze: Building Internal Coherence in Research Design
From the Book: The Refractive Thinker®: Vol. II: Research Methodology


Effective research design requires a researcher to understand research method and its scientific qualities (Coopers & Schindler, 2005), as well as the unique footprint of the researcher perspective (Bentz and Shapiro, 1998). Qualities of the problem and research questions emerge at this intersection for a thorough exploration within the research study. While some researchers depict the development of a research process as a linear one (Coopers & Schindler, 2005, p. 58), this article examines the process as a circular one; one which turns back on itself until optimal clarity is reached. Inquiry properly applied in the development phase of the study can offer a level of clarity in the design of the study which may offer optimal research results. The Elements of Gaze Model offers a model of the relationship between the researcher perspective, the method approach, the problem statement and research questions to be used in research design. The model, together with its inquiry based approach, offers the possibility of clarity of design resulting in superior research outcomes and the understanding which results are effective.
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