Chapter 5: The Three Ps of Management: Pulling, Pushing, and Patting
From the Book: The Refractive Thinker®: Vol. V: Strategy in Innovation


Leadership has evolved throughout the centuries from Great Man through 21st century transactional and transformational leadership theories. Previous theories were patriarchal, created on an intentional linear, horizontal path toward goal outcomes (Field, 2010); defined as one person, beyond question, making final decisions authoritatively; a singular, ultimate leader (Kanyoro, 2006). 21st Century leadership is a blend of patriarchal and evolving matriarchal that includes singular (patriarchal) and shared (matriarchal) leadership (Kanyoro, 2006). Matriarchal leadership is created on a spiral not a linear path. Choosing a spiral path adds intuition, receptivity, relatedness, and wholeness to linear goal outcomes to create cycles of fulfillment to goal completion (Field, 2010).

The 3Ps of Leadership is a matriarchal theory, a deceptively simplistic model that assists leaders to transition out of patriarchal, 20th Century authoritative leadership toward matriarchal, 21st Century shared leadership. As technological innovations require employees to work smarter, quicker, and from more locations, the 3Ps will assist leaders to ensure their 21st Century employees are fully engaged; employee morale is high; and that employees, managers, and leaders have the potential toward professional and organizational fulfillment and actualization. Adding the 3Ps of Leadership to Schuttler’s Laws of Communication (2008) and Tuckman’s Group Development Model (1965) creates a new, synergetic triangulation of theories to assist managers to turn nebulous everyday commands into succinct, sustainable team successes.
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