Chapter 2: Refractive Thinking and the Influence of Religion and Religiosity on Leadership Practices
From the Book: The Refractive Thinker®: Vol. II: Research Methodology: 3rd edition


Religion and religiosity have been major factors in society for centuries because religious beliefs shape the values, conduct, ethics, and morals of organizational leaders to a large degree. However, faith and religion are often avoided in the workplace. The Hage (2013) quantitative correlation study consisted of examining the relationship among religion, religiosity, and leadership practices among Christian and Muslim organizational leaders in Lebanon. Statistical analyses showed a significant relationship between religion and the five Kouzes and Posner leadership dimensions; whereas no relationship was found between religiosity and these dimensions. This chapter offers readers a roadmap to thinking beyond the box when conducting quantitative research.
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