My promotion to full Professor was just approved. According to the feedback I’ve received, my chapter in The Refractive Thinker was a factor in establishing my scholarship credentials.Dr. Joseph PughProfessor
To find the hidden open positions, you have to network with the ‘righ’t people and the members of The Refractive Thinker® community are ‘the right people’. After a recent layoff, I reached out to The Refractive Thinker® community to assist in my job search. Success!Dr. Karleen YappColorado State University-GlobalDelran, New Jersey
“Dear Dr. Cheryl Lentz: As we are working towards completing my book, I find that your editing is very thorough and detailed. I wish many college professors can learn from your style”. Zack Hasan, Ph.D., P.E.
Dr. Cheryl is a very brilliant woman, teacher, coach, friend, and a leader. I was attracted to her because of her unselfishness, and a willing heart to not only share the knowledge she has with those around her, but also to empower them to look beyond themselves. Dr. Cheryl, I thank you for everything, your wisdom, coaching, and for giving me a wing to fly on. You are an amazing strong woman and a great friend that shares all she has!Eva KatushabeLas Vegas, NV
Cheryl is a special leader and visionary, a strong APA editor, and evolving publisher, and a great speaker. She is not afraid to fail in order to succeed and as a result accomplishes more than others might attempt.Dr. Tom WoodruffWalden UniversityGeorgetown, TX
The authors contributing to this series are some of the best critical thinkers in their field of study.Dr. Rich SchuttlerPro Progress AcademyPhoenix, AZ
Publishing in The Refractive Thinker® gives me more networking visibility. The prestige that comes with involvement in writing for The Refractive Thinker® is clear.Dr. Judy Fisher-BlandoCapella UniversityLa Mirada, CA
Publishing is an expensive venture, time consuming, and most times heartbreaking just trying to get through the door. Who has an easy time with rejection of what may be potentially life changing theories? Join The Refractive Thinker® Family where academic writing is economically published.Dr. Beverly CarterNew Rochelle, New York
The Refractive Thinker Press is an established brand, doing an incredible job marketing the books and authors on social media. My colleagues expressed their admiration for my publications, seeing my books on Amazon, Barns & Nobles, & other websites/bookstores. I have been invited to several Think-Tanks, fellowships, and Visiting Scholar appointments, where different committee members cited seeing my books in blogs, press-releases, Google Scholar, and university libraries. The RT press increased … Read moreDr. Emad RahimEndowed Entrepreneur-in-Residence, Oklahoma State University Visiting Scholar, Rutgers University
Dr. Cheryl developed a totally new approach to publishing for The Refractive Thinker.®.Dr. Edward KnabEmbry Riddle UniversityPalm Springs, CA
Ch 2: Conscious and Unconscious Bias in Hiring: Using the Factorial Survey Approach
From the Book: The Refractive Thinker®: Vol. IX: Effective Business Practices in Leadership and Emerging Technologies
SummaryConscious and unconscious bias in hiring is a phenomenon of significant magnitude that manifests when hiring managers and business leadership do not recognize the influence bias has on their choices and how their decision-making can do more harm than good. Because of the harmful impact, business leadership and hiring managers must be aware of conscious and unconscious bias in hiring and use refractive thinking to seek solutions. The literature review provided evidence that a quantitative factorial survey design could produce more equitable hiring decision outcomes with a quantitative scientific data collection design to determine beliefs and judgments about hiring.
Combining the use of vignettes with elaborated descriptions to prompt responses and measuring responses through factorial analysis could reveal normative beliefs and provide awareness about complicated social phenomena, such as different types of bias. The experimental vignette method with factorial survey measurement is a research design that is somewhat obscure but is gaining in regard, and is convincingly appropriate for assessment of levels of bias in decision-making. The discussion in this chapter provides the reader with an alternative approach to assessing conscious and unconscious bias in hiring practices when the probability of such bias exists in an organization among professionals responsible for hiring decisions. Systematized judgments could reduce potential for error in hiring practices. The authors provided a suggested factorial design study with specific vignettes for consideration as a useful strategy for selecting appropriate candidates. Becoming aware of unconscious bias and subscribing to linear models, such as the use of the factorial survey approach, could deter hiring decisions that do not maximize diversity in the workplace.